The new process was developed from TRL 1 to 4 in the project Babethanol. The objective of the BABET-REAL5 is to reach TRL 5 up to pilot scale conditions (about 100 kg/h biomass processing). The experiments will be performed from the feeding of the raw biomass to the fermentation step only, since distillation and dehydration are mature technologies. The next step at the end of the project (i.e. at the horizon 2020) will be the scaling-up of the technology to TRL 6-7 from the raw biomass processing to the production of dehydrated ethanol in demonstration/flagship units installed in the business cases studied during the project. Such objectives are in line with the long-term perspectives of alternatives biofuels set in the European Union.